Author Topic: Consuegra and the windmills  (Read 786 times)

Gracia Mendoza

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Consuegra and the windmills
« on: 22 October, 2016, 06:57:25 PM »
   Consuegra is a small town in the province of Toledo, in the area called  La Mancha toledana.



On top of a hill, whose name is Cerro del Calderico, there are twelve windmills that have names taken from the famous book "El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de La Mancha", written by Miguel  de Cervantes Saavedra, printed in Madrid in 1605, in the print of Juan de la Cuesta, that still can be visited in the calle Atocha.

This year there is the 400 centenary of Cervantes death conmemoration ( 23th April 1616), and there are 400 cultural events all over the country, Spain.


The names of the windmills are Chispas, Caballero del Verde Gabán, Mambrino, Clavileño, Alcancía, Mochilas, Vista Alegre, Bolero, Rucio, Espartero.
The windmill "Sancho" has preserved the engine from the 16 C. and it works nowadays only the last weekend in October. This is the time of a festival called "Fiesta de la Rosa del Azafrán". (The Saffron recolection)
The windmill opens its little windows, orientates the head to the blowing wind and the grinding stone called "Catalina" starts grinding wheat into flour.

     

There is also an old "alfar" or pottery shop in the outskirts of the town, in the road towards Madridejos. It is a típical and traditional manchego building, white and "añil" (special tone of blue).

Consuegra (Toledo) is mentioned in documents from the time of roman emperor Vespasiano as the "castrum" of Consaburum.
After the muslim invasion it was reconquered by the king of castilla and León Alfonso VI.

The castle of La Muela in Consuegra was the dowry that princess Zaida, daughter of Taifas King Al-Mutamid from Sevilla,  got after she became the last wife of King Alfonso VI.
The almoravid tribes from north Africa, and their warlord Yusuf ibn Tashfin, recaptured the castle after defeating king Alfonso in 1097 at Consuegra battle.

Diego Rodriguez, only male son of El Cid Campeador, Don Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, died in this battle.

It was in 1183 that was reconquered again by king Alfonso VIII and given to the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem.

« Last Edit: 02 December, 2016, 11:53:29 PM by Gracia Mendoza »