Author Topic: CATALAN CHARTS  (Read 1851 times)

(RIP) Ioans De Tata

  • General group
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 300
  • Honour: 0
  • Beatae Chaterinae anuli anulifer
CATALAN CHARTS
« on: 15 February, 2016, 04:33:42 PM »
The Camera Real presents the most ingenious and accurate maps made by the Catalans and all who were in the service of the Realm.
La Camera Real presenta las mes ingeniosas i acuradas chartas echas dals Catalans et tots que fueron en el servici del Reialme.

The Catalan Atlas - Atlas Catalan, 1375 A.D., de Abraham Cresques de Maiorca




This is among the finest and best preserved Portulan charts(or Catalan Charts), made not only for navigational functionality, but also for the benefit of the scholar, and the glory of the Aragonese. It was commissioned by Charles V "the wise" of France, who asked Peire IV King of Aragon to employ some of the best cartographers of the Realm, and at this time the Catalans, along with the Pisans, Venetians and Genoese were known to produce the most accurate of maps. This map was compiled by Abraham Cresques, of the jewish community of Maiorca.

If a reader should wish to know more on this map, he is advised to visit the following page:
http://cartographic-images.net/Cartographic_Images/235_Catalan_Atlas.html
Iohannes

(RIP) Ioans De Tata

  • General group
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 300
  • Honour: 0
  • Beatae Chaterinae anuli anulifer
Re: CATALAN CHARTS
« Reply #1 on: 15 February, 2016, 05:00:27 PM »
The map of Angelino Dulcert of Maiorca.
1339 A.D.

It reads: "ano MCCCXXXVIIII mense Augusto Angelino Dulcert in civitate Maioricarum composuit"



This map is regarded as the oldest Catalan chart, and most certainly is the oldest one preserved to this day. It introduced elements previously unseen in portulans, such as descriptions and places. This seems to be the first chart to show the islands the Romans called Caprarias or Canarias, and that in the following century were claimed by the King of Castile.
Not much is known of this Angelino, but it is speculated he hailed from Genoa, or some other Italian city, and was granted patronage by the King of Arago', as the Crown always has place for those that are talented and zealous in their work. Angelino Dulcert is praised for starting the Maiorca school of Cartography, which in later times was just as acclaimed as that of Pisa.
« Last Edit: 15 February, 2016, 05:24:25 PM by Ioans De Tata »
Iohannes

(RIP) Ioans De Tata

  • General group
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 300
  • Honour: 0
  • Beatae Chaterinae anuli anulifer
Re: CATALAN CHARTS
« Reply #2 on: 15 February, 2016, 05:20:49 PM »
The form of the Earth, Ṣurat ha‐Aretz by Abraham bar Hiyya, of Barçelona(1070-1136).




Along with a detailed analysis of the phaenomena and occurrences of nature, the scholar bar Hiyya presented a view of the round earth, and this according to Ptolemy, great geographer of the ancient world.
If one should wish to read more on this work or it's author, he should head to:
The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, New York, Springer, 2007, pp. 95-96.

« Last Edit: 19 February, 2016, 05:35:26 AM by Ioans De Tata »
Iohannes

(RIP) Ioans De Tata

  • General group
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 300
  • Honour: 0
  • Beatae Chaterinae anuli anulifer
Re: CATALAN CHARTS
« Reply #3 on: 15 February, 2016, 05:34:43 PM »
The Catalan(Estense) World Map, anon. cca XV century.



This map was made sometime during the XV century, and owned afterwards by the family of Este, dukes of Ferrara. The reason why it is thought to be of Catalan origin is the detail in which the region of the Crown of Aragon is described, and that it is the Catalan language that is predominant in all writing.
If one should wish to read more, he should head towards:

http://cartographic-images.net/Cartographic_Images/246_Catalan-Estense.html
« Last Edit: 15 February, 2016, 06:53:30 PM by Ioans De Tata »
Iohannes

(RIP) Ioans De Tata

  • General group
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 300
  • Honour: 0
  • Beatae Chaterinae anuli anulifer
Re: CATALAN CHARTS
« Reply #4 on: 15 February, 2016, 06:25:06 PM »
Portulan de Gabriel Vallseca, 1439 A.D.





The first map is most noteworthy because of it's artistic value, and it's depiction of the newly discovered Azores islands. Concerning these he writes:
"Aquestes isles foram trobades p diego de ? pelot del rey de portugal an lay MCCCCXX?II"
The other maps made by Gabriel Vallseca are functional maritime charts most useful for the journeys from the African gold tradeposts to Egypt.

Iohannes

(RIP) Ioans De Tata

  • General group
  • Sr. Member
  • *
  • Posts: 300
  • Honour: 0
  • Beatae Chaterinae anuli anulifer
Re: CATALAN CHARTS
« Reply #5 on: 15 February, 2016, 06:47:12 PM »
Portulan de Peire Vescomte, 1320 A.D. cca.



The datation of this map is rough, but it could originate around the early XIV century. Right around the date of this game.
The maker, Pietro Visconti, Genoese, called by the Catalans Peire Vescomte, was known to cooperate with the mariners of Arago'.


Iohannes